De Wolf et al. Ventilation through small-bore airways in children by implementing active expiration. Pediatric Anesthesia. 2022;32:312–320.

In this educational review, Prof. Enk and colleagues elaborate on the use of manual ventilator Ventrain, with a special focus on pediatric anesthesia. Besides giving a thorough explanation on its design and working principle, they highlight the application of Ventrain for both management of airway emergencies, and for pediatric airway management to allow elective interventional procedures. Required equipment, technical prerequisites, and clinical safety measures are explained in detail. This review represents an exhaustive piece of education for users of the Ventrain device.