Hamaekers et al. The importance of flow and pressure release in emergency jet ventilation devices. Paediatr Anaesth. 2009 May;19(5):452-7

The importance of flow and pressure release in jet ventilation devices was demonstrated by Prof. Enk and his co-workers in a bench study where three previously described self-assembled jet devices and the Oxygen Flow Modulator were tested. In case of complete upper airway obstruction the OFM provides sufficient flow and pressure release, whereas the self-assembled jet devices tested are inherently dangerous constructions.